If you want to train an animal, you want to change its behaviour or establish a new behaviour. You have to communicate this to the animal, i.e. you have to communicate!

It becomes exciting when the animal and the trainer speak different languages: Imagine that you have to ask someone in a country whose language you do not speak to explain the way to the station. If words don't work, use "hands and feet".

So we have to try to explain to the animal what we want to do, but we also have to understand what answers the animal gives us. The learning theory gives us a very good idea how animals learn. But each species of animal can only show certain behaviour. Also the answer remains of course within the possibilities of this animal species. If we look at dogs, for example, there are already breed-related differences in what a dog can do. Furthermore, animals are individuals and therefore have very individual possibilities and characteristics.

From this you can see very quickly that there can be no generally valid training instructions for a behaviour. For a professional and species-appropriate training, it is therefore not only essential that the trainer is familiar with the species-specific possibilities, but he must also be able to draw up an individual training plan for each animal.